by Taras Kim - November 20, 2018

Web designing is a complicated process and it determines the success of your website. There are several layout designs that are used in different websites according to the need of business, its format, and viewers. While your designer develops the layout for a website for a large audience he or she must consider some potential differences among viewers. The screen resolution of every visitor is different and so is their choice of browser. The browser of the visitor can be maximized or not and they may not open extra toolbars in the browser. The operating system and the hardware of every visitor’s device can be different as well.  Your designer can choose among fixed, fluid, adaptive and responsive web designs. In this article, we will determine the difference between fluid and responsive web designs.  Fixed web design is not readily used by several websites. Fixed web design is also known as a static layout that has a fixed width in pixels. The container of the website is designed or programmed to remain static and not move. The width stays the same regardless of the screen size and resolution of different viewers. The most widely used width size of the fixed layout websites is 960px and it is considered to be the standard size. The wrapper has a fixed width and components inside have fixed widths or percentage widths. There are several pros and cons of fixed layout. Pros: The biggest pro of having a fixed layout is that you can have full control over the look of the interface. This design is easier to use and easier to customize. There is less hassle in terms of content, videos, images, and forms that are fixed width. There is no need of maximum and minimum width by every browser. Even if the website is designed for a small screen it will still be wide enough for a larger resolution screen.  Cons: You can get hideous horizontal scroll when you view the fixed layout on smaller screens that can ruin the overview and usability. Fixed width design might create excessive white spaces for the viewers that have screens with the larger resolution. The divine proportion gets upset when a viewer with large screen views the fixed width layout. The rule of thirds or the overall balance and other design principles are also disturbed. The viewers that have small screen resolution must require a horizontal scrollbar that depends on the fixed width of your layout. The screens with larger resolutions may require seamless textures, patterns and image continuation and designers must have to incorporate these in fixed with web layout so that they can be accommodated. When it comes to the usability and practicality the fixed width web designs tend to have low score overall.  If you talk about the fixed width web designs overall, they are not used nowadays in most of the web designs as the technology of hardware and software is changing drastically, therefore, the fixed web layout has become obsolete.

Taras Kim

I'm Online Marketing and Web Development Specialist already for 7 years and dreaming to write a book.

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